Photo encyclopaedia

Photography is full of technical terms about technology, accessories and procedures. In order to make the most of the many technical possibilities and to shoot the most impressive photos, a sound basic knowledge of photography is necessary. With just a few clicks through our photo encyclopedia you will get a good understanding on various areas of photography. In the sections photo school, camera manufacturer, cameras and technology of our comprehensive photo glossary you will find important terms of photography concisely and comprehensibly explained. mehr lesen

Objective Lenses
Technology

Objective Lenses

0
/

Objective lenses (from now on referred to as just lenses) are translucent objects that focus light beams through refraction. The first theories of optical magnification by using curved lenses came about a thousand years ago. These theories were further developed in the 12th century. At this time, the reading stone was created, which was placed […]

The Pinhole Camera
Cameras

The Pinhole Camera

0
/

The simplest and most likely oldest optical device used to generate an image of an object is the pinhole camera. The famous Greek philosopher and naturalist Aristotle first described the construction and operation of a “dark chamber” over 2000 years ago. In this dark chamber, a small opening was made for light to pass through […]

Instant Cameras
Cameras

Instant Cameras

0
/

A camera that produces a developed photo directly after snapping the picture is called an instant camera. In classic analogue instant cameras, a stack of paper with a light-sensitive surface is used instead of normal film. This paper contains the chemicals necessary for the development of the photo. When taking the photo out of the […]

Compact Cameras
Cameras

Compact Cameras

0
/

A comparatively low weight and compact size are two of the biggest advantages of compact cameras. Compact cameras are available in a wide range of capabilities and prices from manufacturers such as Canon, Nikon, Panasonic, and Sony. Unlike DSLR and system cameras, compact cameras are equipped with a fixed lens. This camera class also includes […]

Analogue Cameras
Cameras

Analogue Cameras

0
/

Due to new advancements in photography technology, the term analogue camera has gained more popularity since the beginning of the 21st century to differentiate itself from the digital camera. In this tried and tested method of photographing, a chemical recording medium is necessary. This medium can be negative film, slides, or photographic plates. When light […]

DSLR
Cameras

DSLR

0
/

The abbreviation DSLR stands for digital single-lens reflex and describes a camera that uses alternating mirrors that are located between the lens and the image plane. This reflects the light that is gathered through the lens and projects it inverted on the dial. With the help of a converging lens and the prism viewfinder, the […]

Digital Cameras
Cameras

Digital Cameras

0
/

A camera that uses an image sensor and a digital storage medium instead of film is called a digital camera. By converting light signals into electrical signals, the image is digitalised and can be digitally stored and processed. The photos can also be transferred to other digital devices using the corresponding digital interface. This enables […]

HDR
Technology

HDR

0
/

An HDR (High Dynamic Range) image is a digital image, which displays large differences in brightness with high detail. These HDR images are capable of displaying a wider range of contrast than is possible with normal images (so-called low dynamic range images). The 256 brightness levels commonly used are usually not sufficient enough to be […]

ISO
Technology

ISO

0
/

ISO (short for International Organization for Standardization) is an international standard-setting organization. It develops international standards for many aspects of daily life. Prior to the establishment of the ISO, national abbreviations such as DIN (Deutsches Institut für Normung / German Institute for Standardization) or ASA (American Standards Association) were used. In photography, ISO-values stand for […]

Lens Filters
Photo school

Lens Filters

0
/

Filters for analogue and digital photography There’s a very large selection out there of lens filters. Conventional analogue lens filters are screwed onto the front of the lens. These correctional and effect filters are used for a wide variety of purposes. In the day and age of digital photography, some filters can even be digitalised […]

The Golden Ratio
Photo school

The Golden Ratio

0
/

The math behind it The golden ratio is the division ratio of a segment. The ratio correlates the relationship between the whole and larger portion (also called Major) as well as the relationship between the larger portion and smaller portion (Minor). Expressed as a formula: Whole / Major = Major / Minor ≅ 0,618 Thus, the major portion should […]

Automatic Exposure
Technology

Automatic Exposure

0
/

Unlike analogue cameras, modern SLR cameras have an automatic exposure. This automatic exposure control works by interlinking the aperture and shutter, which both significantly influence light intensity as well as exposure time. Both of these elements produce the exposure of a photo. In other words, the exposure is the product of light intensity and exposure […]

PENTAX
Camera manufacturers

PENTAX

0
/

The Japanese company Asahi Kōgaku Kōgyō Goshi-gaisha (Asahi Optical KG) first began manufacturing eyeglass lenses in 1919 and since the 1930’s, camera lenses. Until the end of World War II, the company concentrated on manufacturing optical equipment for military purposes, such as binoculars. After the war, the company also began to manufacture camera lenses for […]

Polaroid
Camera manufacturers

Polaroid

0
/

Polaroid is mostly known for its instant cameras and its name is synonymous with cameras of this type. An instant camera snaps a photo and automatically develops the finished product directly after taking the picture. In order to accomplish this, the camera is stocked with a stack of instant film with a light sensitive side […]

Nikon
Camera manufacturers

Nikon

0
/

Nikon is a Japanese manufacturer of cameras, lenses, and other precision optical instruments. With its headquarters in Tokyo, this company is one of the leaders in camera manufacturing worldwide. Since 1961, Nikon has been represented in the European markets as Nikon AG Switzerland in Zurich. Nikon produces SLR, system, and Coolpix compact cameras as well […]