Bernd & Hilla Becher – Annie Leibovitz – Ansel Adams – Helmut Newton – August Sander
Nowadays you can quickly whip out your smartphone and digitally eternalise all scenery at will with the swipe of a finger. However, it’s been a long road from the beginnings of photography to its current status.
The foundation of photography was laid by the principle of the camera obscura. This pinhole camera is made out of an opaque box which has a small hole for light in the front through which the external scene is projected inverted on the inner surface of the box. This principle was first recognised by Aristotle in the 4th century B.C. Through more findings in the field of optics, like the technical development in the production and cutting of lenses, the principle of the camera obscura was further developed and newly interpreted over the centuries.
Joseph Niepce produced the first known photograph in 1826 with the help of his heliography process and a camera obscura. The photograph, which shows a view from his study’s window, was created by an eight-hour exposure on a tin plate. After that the development of photography made leaps and bounds: from the discovery of the applicable use of saline solution as a fixative in 1837 to the fabrication of the twin-lens stereo camera in 1847. About 20 years later, in 1868 to be exact, came the breakthrough of colour photography.
Thanks to new light-sensitive lenses, the miniature camera with 135 film was invented in the beginning of the 20th century, the so-called “Ur-Leica” (Original Leica). This camera began to be mass-produced in 1925. Twenty years later the world marvelled at the instant-picture procedure “Polaroid.” From then on there have been countless advancements in development, always occurring at a more and more rapid pace, which have revolutionised photography and eventually led to digital photography.
Just as photography has continued to develop over the course of the centuries, so also have the methods used. In the category “History of Photography,” you’ll find interesting articles about the technical revolution and newest developments of photography as well as current trends.
Which photo trends were most prevalent on social media platforms, really made an impression on us, and made us smile? Take a journey with us and learn more about what kinds of snapshots were most popular in 2015.