The Pinhole Camera

The simplest and most likely oldest optical device used to generate an image of an object is the pinhole camera. The famous Greek philosopher and naturalist Aristotle first described the construction and operation of a “dark chamber” over 2000 years ago. In this dark chamber, a small opening was made for light to pass through… Read more »

Instant Cameras

A camera that produces a developed photo directly after snapping the picture is called an instant camera. In classic analogue instant cameras, a stack of paper with a light-sensitive surface is used instead of normal film. This paper contains the chemicals necessary for the development of the photo. When taking the photo out of the… Read more »

Compact Cameras

A comparatively low weight and compact size are two of the biggest advantages of compact cameras. Compact cameras are available in a wide range of capabilities and prices from manufacturers such as Canon, Nikon, Panasonic, and Sony. Unlike DSLR and system cameras, compact cameras are equipped with a fixed lens. This camera class also includes… Read more »

Analogue Cameras

Due to new advancements in photography technology, the term analogue camera has gained more popularity since the beginning of the 21st century to differentiate itself from the digital camera. In this tried and tested method of photographing, a chemical recording medium is necessary. This medium can be negative film, slides, or photographic plates. When light… Read more »


The abbreviation DSLR stands for digital single-lens reflex and describes a camera that uses alternating mirrors that are located between the lens and the image plane. This reflects the light that is gathered through the lens and projects it inverted on the dial. With the help of a converging lens and the prism viewfinder, the… Read more »

Digital Cameras

A camera that uses an image sensor and a digital storage medium instead of film is called a digital camera. By converting light signals into electrical signals, the image is digitalised and can be digitally stored and processed. The photos can also be transferred to other digital devices using the corresponding digital interface. This enables… Read more »